A study from the School of Economics has found that an increase in Asian elderly population share will significantly lower economic growth due to decreased labour participation in the region.
The results of the study implies that governments facing population ageing have a challenging task to provide social security and public services for the aged while maintaining economic growth. This fundamental issue is common across all economies around the world.
Many Asian economies are currently faced with the challenge of rapidly ageing population, which can be harmful to the economy in the long run. The study, conducted by Dr Keisuke Otsu and Dr Katsuyuki Shibayama from the University’s School of Economics with the results published in Asian Development Review, analysed the effects of projected population ageing on potential growth in Asian economies over the period 2015–2050 using quantitative assessment.
A new discussion paper by Adelina Gschwandtner, Sarah L. Jewell and Uma Kambhampati, KDPE 1613, December 2016
Diet and life style diseases have become the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Both in the US and in Europe, the consumption of meat, dairy products, oil and fat, sugar, and alcoholic beverages has increased in the second half of the 20th century. This, together with drug abuse, tobacco and lack of exercise, has increased the risk of developing certain chronic diseases like some types of cancer, heart disease, stroke and obesity. In particular obesity, with its attendant impact on health, has become a central problem in many Western economies.
A new discussion paper by Adelina Gschwandtner and Stefan Hirsch, KDPE 1612, December 2016
The present project analyses what drives profitability in the food sector and compares the results with the manufacturing industry in general but also between the European Union and the United States.
One of the main findings is that competition is stronger and profitability is lower within the food sector as compared with the manufacturing sector in general. This is mainly attributable to a high market saturation and to the fierce competition between the big retail companies. While the competition profits the consumer, it puts strong bargaining pressure on the producers. Therefore, one of the main drivers of profitability and profit persistence within the food sector is firm size. Larger producers seem to be in a better bargaining position against the retail sector and this seems to be both the case in the EU and in the US.
A new discussion paper by Emla Fitzsimons, Bansi Malde and Marcos Vera-Hernández, KDPE 1611, October 2016
Interventions seeking to involve communities, particularly through community groups, are very widespread in developing countries. They are thought to be a cost-effective way of delivering services to under-served populations, triggering and sustaining behaviour change, as well as shifting social norms. Governments and NGOs use group-based interventions to provide financial services (e.g. microfinance); promote cooperation and collective action (e.g. participatory women’s groups); deliver parenting interventions; deliver aid and infrastructure in post-conflict as well
as non-conflict settings among others.